Peter Drucker, in his book Managing the Non-Profit Organization , has noted that “Good intentions don’t move mountains, bulldozers do.” Our good intentions are our vision and mission statements...our dreams. Our strategies are our bulldozers. Strategies convert intention into action. Strategies tell us the what, when, and by whom of our purpose. Strategies are a means to an end, not an end in themselves. They are the answer to the question, “How can we reach our campus?”
Ultimately, effectiveness in evangelism helps others “catch more fish” rather than simply weave better or more creative nets. Nets are a means not an end in themselves. How do we measure effectiveness? In evaluating the effectiveness of any evangelistic strategy, we should consider the following questions:
We measure effectiveness primarily by what happens in the lives of our audience, not by what happens in our lives as a result.
In any evangelistic strategy that we employ, we are in the process of doing one of two things. Both are necessary. We are either harvesting people whom God has already prepared through their spiritual heritage, friendship with a Christian, personal reading, thought process, working of the Holy Spirit, etc. (John 4:35-38), or we are helping to move the unprepared towards belief by giving him or her information to digest, models to observe, and facts to consider and respond to (planting and watering).
The first group, in may cases, simply needs to know how they can receive Christ. The second group needs to know who Christ is and why they should receive Christ.
This follows the biblical paradigms of the book of Acts. The two evangelistic models we see in the book of Acts are Peter’s proclamation message to “God-fearing Jews” (Acts 2:5) and Paul’s persuasion message to the “men of Athens” (Acts 17:22).
The response to Peter’s message was the 3,000 who believed. The response to Paul’s dialogue was mixed -- “some sneered,... others said, ‘We want to hear you again...(and) a few believed” (Acts 17:32-34).
We are experts in harvesting the prepared but we also need to be aware that, if this is a shrinking segment of the student population, then part of our strategy in evangelism is to bring an increasing number of students into that first group by educating and motivating students to receive Christ. In reaching the campus then, we use a two-fold approach.
Reaching the Prepared (Evangelism)
Preparing the Unreached (Education)
Surveys are the most frequently mentioned strategy for getting face to face with a non-believer. They can be used to precede team meeting talks, give you more information about the values and interests of your audience and obviously provide a natural opportunity to transition into the gospel. We can also control the flow of our contacts. As we need more contacts we take more surveys. Some surveys build the Four Laws right into them.
Surveys are most effectively used by individuals who see them as a way to build meaningful rapport, have an intelligent conversation with a stranger, and an opportunity to effectively communicate their faith. We have missed the boat when we regress to being merely survey takers.
There is no need to stick with the same survey week after week. It is very possible to design your survey to help you obtain information you want regarding your target audience. Each month of the year you could focus on a different survey topic (home life, aspirations, dating, stress, etc.) and have an evangelistic talk at the end of the month related to that topic.
2. Team Meetings, Open Forums and Classroom Talks
3. Harvest Events
What we call “classics” but can also be evangelistic retreats. They provide an opportunity for every student involved to bring a non-believing friend to hear a credible presentation of the gospel. If you are employing “friendship evangelism,” harvest events are a must. They provide something to bring a friend to. Like with team meetings and classroom talks, effectiveness in follow-up from harvest events is more likely to increase if talks were followed with a book, tape or literature offer. i.e. “If you would like a free copy of Rabs’ latest book, Humble And Proud Of It , simply put your name and address on this 3X5 card and we’ll see to it that...”
4. Relational Evangelism
It’s interesting to note that a trained, Spirit-filled Christian will always share Christ with his/her non-Christian friend. To be effective then, one needs training, a filling of the Spirit, and friends. Friendships can serve as powerful bridges through whom people come to Christ. Relational evangelism is not the opposite to or a substitute for initiative evangelism; it is simply another facet of evangelism. Both are needed. A “Ten Most Wanted” list is a helpful tool for friendship evangelism. (You will probably not be able to build a movement on friendship evangelism alone.)
1. Investigative Strategies
Investigative strategies are designed to educate and evangelize the unbeliever in a non-threatening environment of inquiry and interaction. Investigative Bible studies, Focus Groups, Investigative Study Breaks, Q & A times, etc. are all ways to educate and interact with students. In the US, the average person has heard the gospel seven times before receiving Christ.
2. Literature Strategies
An outstanding way to educate the unprepared. Holidays are excellent opportunities to saturate the campus with articles relevant to the season-- resurrection, relationships, etc. Relevant topical articles that address real issues can be written and prodigally given away. They provide information to digest and respond to. Some examples include "Managing Stress and Pressure in School,” “Relationships,” “Resolving Conflict,” “Better Grades,” etc. We can use these articles in conjunction with various surveys. As we do evangelism, we always have something to leave behind that is interesting and relevant. We sow as we go. Leaving pieces educate without confronting. DVD’s or short books can also be used with equal effectiveness. Some campuses send the book Blue Like Jazz or Jesus Without Religion to every Freshman. Others make the JESUS video available to every Freshman.
3. Media Strategies
Weekly or quarterly newspaper spots buttress the credibility of the gospel. What would it be like for the student populace to read student and faculty testimonies from those on your campus? You could also feature excerpts from the writings of prominent spokesmen like Christian athletes, professors, business leaders, or politicians. Articles like these would not only educate the non-Christian but also strengthen the faith and boldness of the Christian. Each article could potentially be a springboard to evangelism that week on campus.
Newspaper ads, such as those of Every Student's Choice (to view, go to the ESC website) give students thought-provoking questions and issues to consider. These are not designed as evangelistic tools but educational tools. Don’t try to apply the effectiveness criteria of evangelistic strategies to exposure strategies. We don’t consciously group people into those we evangelize and those we educate. We initiate with everyone but assume that those who presently do not respond need more information. Remember this: Presenting the gospel in and of itself is educational.
"Strategy is the means agreed on to reach a certain goal. I contend that some strategies are demonstrably superior to others, and that we do poorly if we do not examine them all and choose the best. The best strategy is, first of all, biblical because God’s work must be done God’s way. Secondly, it is efficient . Third, strategy must be relevant. A strategy that was useful five years ago might well be obsolete today. It needs constant updating."
1. The Right Goal. Fulfillment of the Great Commission.
2. The Right Place at the Right Time. Some peoples of the world are receptive to the gospel while others are resistant. The world’s soils must be tested. Concentrating—come what may—on rocky soil, whether anyone is coming to Christ, is a foolish strategy.
When the “laborers are few,” the farmer runs the risk of losing some of the harvest. Laborers are not needed when the harvest is still green, nor are they needed when the harvest has passed. Timing is of utmost importance in any harvest. Some people are ready to be harvested today, some are not yet ready. These “unresponsive peoples” should not be neglected-- someone should be there who is expert enough to tell when they are becoming ripe for the gospel. But no one who takes strategy seriously would advocate a massive labor force in green fields or to fallow fields. The laborers are needed for the ripe harvest fields. Right after Jesus says that in Matthew 9, He sends His own harvesters out in Matthew 10.
3. The Right Methods. When there is much work and little or no fruit, something is wrong. Careful analysis will usually pinpoint the trouble as either working in unripe fields or working in a ripe field but using wrong methods. You can go into a perfectly ripe field of wheat and work your head off, but if you are using a cornpicker, you will get nothing. Potato diggers are useless in apple orchards.
Whenever a method is successful, the temptation arises to think it will work any where at any time. However, every new situation requires a new evaluation and often new, tailor-made methods. Therefore it is good strategy not only to set measurable goals, but also to build in from the start of the effort instruments for measuring its success or failure.
4. The Right People. God brings the harvest to ripeness, but He does not harvest it. He uses Christian people to accomplish that task, and He is glorified when His people “bear much fruit” (John 15:8). The right person is the person entirely filled with the Holy Spirit. He abides in Jesus. He is fully committed. He takes up his cross daily and follows his Master.
Eric Swanson is a former Cru staff member who now serves as a Leadership Community Director for Externally Focused Churches. He received his Doctor of Ministry degree from Bakke Graduate University.
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